美国政治机构:国会,总统,法院和官僚机构

U.S. Political Institutions: Congress, Presidency, Courts, and Bureaucracy

审视美国联邦政府三个分支机构的内部运作情况

哈佛大学

edX

法律

简单(初级)

4 周

  • 英语
  • 561

课程概况

三个政府部门如何运作?国会,总统和最高法院之间如何分享权力?联邦机构在没有自己的直接宪法权力的情况下扮演什么角色?

在我们关于美国政府的系列文章的这一部分中,我们将研究三个政府部门之间的权力分立,以及选民,政党和更广泛的联邦官僚机构的作用。我们将探讨“人民”如何影响国会议员的行为,在总统的国内外政策中取得成功的原因,以及未经选举的司法机构在民主制度中应有多大的权力。

你将学到什么

国会议员如何受到选区的影响

是什么导致共和党人和民主党人之间的政治两极分化

国会的结构如何限制重大问题的进展

行政命令如何扩大总统职权

为什么总统对外交政策的限制要少于国内政策

联邦机构如何促进和保护他们的计划

政治对最高法院判决的影响

课程大纲

第1周:国会和选区
In this session, we will examine how their constituencies affect the behavior of members of Congress, including their influence on the type of bills that members are most likely to support. The 2014 farm bill will be used to highlight constituency influence.

第二周:国会和党
This session will describe the role of parties in Congress and explain the developments that have contributed to party polarization within Congress. We’ll examine the 2013 government shutdown as a case study in party conflict. The session will also explain why Congress’s fragmented structure makes it difficult for Congress to take the lead on major national issues while making it perfectly suited to taking on scores of smaller issues at once.

第3周:总统和国内政策
This session will examine the factors that affect presidential success in the area of domestic policy. Several factors will be mentioned, but the focus will be the partisan makeup of Congress—whether a majority of its members are from the president’s party. The 1964 food stamp bill and the 1996 welfare bill will be used to illustrate the relationship between presidential success and Congress’s partisan makeup.

第四周:总统和外交政策
In this session, we’ll examine the president’s comparative advantages—for example, control over information—in the making of foreign policy. We’ll look particularly at the president’s war power and at executive agreements—treaty-like arrangements authorized solely by the president. President Bush’s decision to invade Iraq in 2003 will serve as a case study.

第5周:联邦官僚机构
In this session, we’ll examine the federal bureaucracy—its structure, staffing, and operation. We’ll also explore the challenge of holding the bureaucracy accountable for its actions. The Air Force’s F-22 fighter jet program will serve as a case study of bureaucratic politics.

第六周:司法和最高法院
This session will examine judicial power and the influence of politics on Supreme Court decisions. We will also consider the normative question of how much power an unelected judiciary should have in a democratic system. The primary case study in this session will be the Supreme Court’s ruling in Citizens United v. Federal Election Commission (2010), which struck down an act of Congress prohibiting independent campaign expenditures by corporations and labor unions.

Magoosh
声明:MOOC中国十分重视知识产权问题,我们发布之课程均源自下列机构,版权均归其所有,本站仅作报道收录并尊重其著作权益。感谢他们对MOOC事业做出的贡献!
  • Coursera
  • edX
  • OpenLearning
  • FutureLearn
  • iversity
  • Udacity
  • NovoEd
  • Canvas
  • Open2Study
  • Google
  • ewant
  • FUN
  • IOC-Athlete-MOOC
  • World-Science-U
  • Codecademy
  • CourseSites
  • opencourseworld
  • ShareCourse
  • gacco
  • MiriadaX
  • JANUX
  • openhpi
  • Stanford-Open-Edx
  • 网易云课堂
  • 中国大学MOOC
  • 学堂在线
  • 顶你学堂
  • 华文慕课
  • 好大学在线CnMooc
  • (部分课程由Coursera、Udemy、Linkshare共同提供)

© 2008-2019 MOOC.CN 慕课改变你,你改变世界