Describe the differences between DNA and RNA viruses, naked and enveloped viruses, and how this affects variability of the genome and the resistance pattern to physical and chemical agents.
Compare the transmission requirements for the different ways viruses spread: airborne, through the skin (vertebrate/invertebrate/vector bites) shed in faeces, and how to avoid spread through management, such as quarantine, disinfection, etc.
Describe the epidemiology and the transmission routes of the diseases dealt with in the course and identify which are transmissible to humans (zoonosis).
Reflect on the pathogenesis of the different diseases, i.e., how viruses produce each specific disease, and the main clinical signs of the diseases mentioned above.
Reflect on the effects of climate change on the distribution of vectors of viral diseases and, thus, on the spread of arboviral diseases.
Evaluate which samples and techniques are the most conclusive to diagnose the different viral diseases mentioned above.
Identify which vaccines are used for the different viral diseases mentioned, their types, and problems that may arise from their use.
In this free online course, you will learn about animal viruses that affect pets, birds, sheep, cattle, swine and horses, and produce important diseases.
These animal diseases may cause huge economic losses to farmers and severe emotional distress to animal owners. They may even be transmitted to humans, posing important questions about their spread and control.
The course has been developed by a team at Complutense University of Madrid, who are all experienced in teaching virology and infectious diseases at veterinary schools at Madrid and Alfort.
Introduction to animal viruses, their form and structure (or morphology), and characteristics. Basic information to help understanding viral diseases in animals and humans.
Faecal-oral transmission: using parvoviruses and canine parvovirosis as an example.
Open wounds: focusing on rabies and other zoonotic viruses, which produce diseases in both humans and animals.
Arthropod transmission: viruses that are carried by insects and ticks, and introduced directly into the bloodstream.
Airborne transmission: such as influenza, which may be transmitted from birds and pigs to humans.
Other infections difficult to control because they are persistent: produced by viruses that remain in their host, including herpesvirus and retrovirus.
This course is designed for anyone with a keen interest in the science behind animal viruses and animal diseases. It will be particularly useful to veterinary and science students wishing to complement their studies and anyone working in animal health and welfare. A basic knowledge of biology is desirable, although not required. Though some aspects may be basic for specialists, such as veterinarians, the course will certainly complement their previous knowledge.