21世纪技能的教学和评估

Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills

课程主要研究21世纪技能的评估与教学方法,其中包括:技能的性质,评估的替代方案,评估报告与说明,以及对教学的启示。

墨尔本大学

Coursera

教育

简单(初级)

13 小时

Sponsored\Ad:本课程链接由Coursera和Linkshare共同提供
  • 英语
  • 811

课程概况

由于科技的发展及其对职场的影响,教育和工作正在不断变化。现在,鉴于科技对生活、工作与休闲的影响,我们更新了工作方式、工具,生活方式,甚至是思考方式。

现代职场需要更多具备多任务处理能力、以信息和沟通为基础的员工,新人想提高工作效率就要具备相应的技能,而这些东西我们通常在学校是学不到的。所以课上我们将了解这些复杂的技能,并选择其中的“协作式问题处理能力”具体研究。所谓“协作式问题处理能力”即结合认知与社会要素,强调知识的构建与应用能力,而业界普遍认为年轻人和应届毕业生苦寻力保职位稳定的方法,而这正是他们所欠缺的能力之一。甚至在一些国家,毕业生的失业率已经超过50%。新技能,常被错称为“软技能”,多数情况下,学校或大学并不培养学生的这些能力,如何评估和教授这些技能也没有明确的说明。

在这个巨变的时代,如果教育和工作中充斥着这种不明确,那么通常导致的结果是,教育瘫痪,评估方法退化,而且无法进行有针对性的教学活动。

This MOOC is designed principally for practicing teachers who are wondering exactly how they can incorporate teaching and assessment of 21st century skills into their classrooms, labs or workshops. It will also be useful to trainee teachers, school leaders, teacher educators and curriculum and assessment specialists, providing them with an understanding of the challenges associated with teaching and assessment of 21st century skills.

This course explains the social and cognitive skills that are known as 21st century skills. It reviews how they can be represented in the curriculum, in terms of developmental progressions. It also explores how teachers can recognise these skills in students, how the level of skill of a learner can be assessed, and then how learners can be supported to develop their skill.

In this course we work through two detailed examples of 21st century skills. The first is collaborative problem solving, a 21st century skill which combines the capacities of collaboration, problem solving, critical thinking and communication. The second skill is a meta-cognitive skill of knowing how to learn in a MOOC. In each example, you will explore how to understand the nature of each skill from a teaching perspective, how to teach it, and how to assess it. These two examples show how any 21st century skill can be tackled in the classroom.

The approach to teaching and assessment in this course derives from the application of a developmental, evidence-based, clinical approach to teaching practice. The course provides a mix of theory and practice, of thinking and doing, and opportunities to share ideas, experience and resources with other participants.

Join Emeritus Professor Patrick Griffin and the team from the Assessment Research Centre, University of Melbourne in a Massive Open Online Course (MOOC) on the Assessment and Teaching of 21st Century Skills, hosted on Coursera.

课程大纲

周1
完成时间为 2 小时
Why do we need 21st century skills? What are they?
During our introduction week, we provide two Modules. Module 1 offers an overview of the course and explains how assessment in it is structured. Our approach to assessment in the course introduces some developmental components that complement the summative approach used by Coursera for grading. The Course Progression provides the basis of the self-assessment activities provided throughout the course. These enable you to monitor your progress as you develop your skills in teaching and assessing C21 skills. In Module 2 we turn to the first topics of the course, and discuss the world in terms of technological change and the need for 21st century skills in today’s workforce. We talk about what is meant by '21st century skills' and how these skills are increasingly in demand as new technologies change the way we work, learn, live and function in a digital and knowledge-based society. You will have the opportunity to learn about different 21st century skills frameworks that have been created by a variety of institutions. We want to show you what we mean by a developmental approach, and how this approach can be used in assessment and learning and teaching. These lectures will form the foundation for topics to come in later weeks, so please take the time to watch them and to follow up with the suggested readings.
5 个视频 (总计 50 分钟), 4 个阅读材料, 3 个测验

周2
完成时间为 4 小时
How to teach and assess Collaborative Problem Solving (CPS) as an example of a C21 skill
In Module 3 we introduce collaborative problem solving (CPS), an example of a complex and relevant 21st century skill. We will explain the nature of CPS, describing in depth the underlying competencies involved in this skill. We will explain how we can take a developmental approach to teaching and learning in CPS and how skills progressions can be developed and used for formative assessment and teaching purposes. We deal with this topic at a relatively deep level, in preparation for taking a more practical approach in Weeks 3 and 4.
6 个视频 (总计 38 分钟), 1 个阅读材料, 2 个测验

周3
完成时间为 3 小时
Assessing and reporting on the development of collaborative problem solving skills
This week, in Module 4, you will be reviewing aspects of assessing students’ collaborative problem solving skills using a developmental approach. You will review a video of ICT tasks that the ATC21S team have created, and you will be prompted to think of ways these approaches may be used, in the classroom or in professional learning, to teach and assess CPS. Work in Week 3 of the course combines with work in Weeks 2 and 4 to support development of the learning outcomes described in Strand 3 of the course progression.
7 个视频 (总计 94 分钟), 2 个测验

周4
完成时间为 2 小时
Developmental teaching of collaborative problem solving
In Week 4, Module 5, we discuss how individual and group differences can be managed in teaching CPS. We conduct interviews with a teacher, school leader and researcher on implementing the assessment and teaching of 21st century skills in schools. We also discuss, in interview format, the complexities of assessing sophisticated CPS skills using seemingly uncomplicated tasks. How can we assist students to develop their skills from their current level of social and cognitive CPS skill levels, to progress towards greater expertise? This week, too, you should begin work on your major course assignment.
5 个视频 (总计 53 分钟), 1 个阅读材料, 1 个测验

周5
完成时间为 4 小时
Knowing how to learn in a MOOC: another example of a C21 skill
This week, in Module 6 we explore a further example of a C21 skill, and one that has particular relevance to participants in this course: the skill of knowing how to learn in a MOOC. We review the nature of MOOCs as a teaching environment, and why a MOOC demands particular learning skill to generate higher learning. We examine an empirical progression for the skill, and review how to assess the level of skill of any participant in a MOOC. Module 7 is focused on your major assignment, which is is due this week.
3 个视频 (总计 15 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 3 个测验

周6
完成时间为 1 小时
Reflection and looking forward
In this final week, in Module 8, we ask you to reflect on your learning in the course and particularly on the use of progressions and developmental thinking in the way C21 skills are taught and assessed. If you submitted an Assignment in Week 5, you will assess the work of your peers in the major Assignment.

预备知识

虽然不需要相关技能或背景知识,但最好对学校教学感兴趣,关注教育的未来发展,愿意尝试新鲜事物。

参考资料

The case for 21st-century learning, Andreas Schleicher, OECD Education Directorate,
Andreas Schleicher, Presentation at the ACER Research Conference 2014: Quality and Equity: What does Research tell us?

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