环境挑战:自然环境中的稀缺性和冲突

Environmental Challenges: Scarcity and Conflict in the Natural Environment

War and conflict can severely disrupt the governance of the environment. What is the impact on both people and the environment?

340 次查看
利兹大学
FutureLearn
  • 完成时间大约为 2
  • 初级
  • 英语
注:本课程由FutureLearn和Linkshare共同提供,因开课平台的各种因素变化,以上开课日期仅供参考

你将学到什么

Compare the ‘cowboy’ economy with the circular ‘spaceman’ economy, through technological advances and resource exploitation.

Discuss the extent that resource demands can lead to conflict between different users.

Explore the way that conflicting forces subdue populations by denying them access to environmental resources.

Develop understanding of conflict resolution and negotiation techniques.

课程概况

Human conflict has both short and long term effects on the natural world. The environment is directly impacted by pollution and explosions; and can be used as a weapon of war. In the longer term, sustainable environmental management is disrupted when conflict destabilises social systems and people are denied access to natural resources. As resources become scarcer, it might be expected that people come into conflict about access to natural resources.

This course explores three aspects of conflict and resource scarcity, and applies these to explore decision making and negotiation skills.

课程大纲

Be introduced to the pioneering environmental economist Ken Boulding.

Understand the difference between a ‘cowboy’ economy based on throughput, and a circular ‘spaceman’ economy.

Appreciate the role of technology in changing production methods and enabling increased exploitation of natural resources.

Understand how demand for natural resources, in particular oil for energy, has led to conflict.

Be aware of the contrasting concepts of ‘water wars’ and ‘water peace’ over access to and management of water resources.

Understand how appropriately negotiated property rights and institutional arrangements are important for water peace.

Understand how conflict can lead to increased environmental vulnerability of civilian populations and mass mortality though famine and disease.

Be introduced to Amartya Sen and the concept of development as freedom.

Be introduced to contrasting theories on international regimes.

Understand the impact of conflict on environmental management in north Lebanon.

Appreciate the role of trust relationships and the effect of ‘wasta’ on post-conflict environmental management.

面向人群

The course is suitable for anyone with a general interest in conflict and environmental decision-making; no previous knowledge or experience is required.

If you are working in environmental management, or wish to learn more about it, this course is designed to support you as a professional. By completing all aspects of the course you will have achieved 14 hours of CPD time.

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