总统职务与最高法院的形成

The Presidency and the Shape of the Supreme Court

This course examines American presidents’s role in shaping Supreme Court decisions, a process sometimes called the political construction of law. We will explore issues like abortion, civil rights, freedom of religion, gun rights, and same-sex marriage.

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美国三一学院
edX
  • 完成时间大约为 5
  • 初级
  • 英语
注:因开课平台的各种因素变化,以上开课日期仅供参考

你将学到什么

Aspects of the political construction of law

  Ideology of the current members of the Supreme Court

Significance of the death of Justice Antonin Scalia

Role the Court issue played in the 2016 presidential election

Power of the presidency with regard to the Supreme Court

Role of elections in shaping the Supreme Court’s ideology

Components of Franklin Roosevelt’s effort to shape the Court

Roosevelt administration’s role in advancing civil rights in the courts

Components of Richard Nixon’s effort to shape the Court

Nixon’s success in shifting the Court for electoral purposes

Nixon’s success in shifting the Court for ideological purposes

Components of Ronald Reagan’s effort to shape the Court

Components of George H. W. Bush’s effort to shape the Court

Components of George W. Bush’s effort to shape the Court

Components of Donald Trump’s effort to shape the Court

Political importance of judicial issues like abortion and civil rights

课程概况

This course focuses on a different side of the law than most law-based courses.  Rather than exclusively examining the results of a court case, we will explore how law generally and court decisions specifically are shaped by politics, by the political processes that form American democracy.  It is a process that a particular group of scholars have called the “political construction of law.” Put another way, judicial decisions, particularly those from the Supreme Court of the United States, should not be viewed as separate and distinct from the politics that shaped them.  And in this course, we will seek to understand why.

More specifically, in this course, we will examine the role American presidents play in this process of the political construction of law.  We will first consider the presidencies of Franklin D. Roosevelt and Richard Nixon, both of whom successfully shaped the Supreme Court to advance their political and ideological interests.  We then move to the more recent conservative movement to dramatically transform constitutional law; it was an effort begun by Ronald Reagan, and advanced by both President George H.W. Bush and George W. Bush.  At both the beginning and the end of the course, we will examine recent events that have and will continue to shape the Supreme Court; namely the presidential election of 2016, the death of Justice Antonin Scalia and the confirmation of his successor, Justice Neil Gorsuch, and the likelihood of more departures during the presidency of Donald Trump.  As we consider these presidencies, we will also explore a range of issues, including abortion, civil rights, freedom of religion, gun rights, and same-sex marriage.

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