系统工程简介

Introduction to Systems Engineering

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悉尼新南威尔士大学
Coursera
  • 完成时间大约为 32 个小时
  • 混合难度
  • 英语
注:本课程由Coursera和Linkshare共同提供,因开课平台的各种因素变化,以上开课日期仅供参考

课程概况

系统工程是一个用于设计、实现和评估人造复杂系统的跨学科方法,囊括了解决系统问题的关键元素。本课程对整个系统工程学做了概括性描述,清晰阐释了许多相关活动与整体相互匹配之处及其与其他组成部分的相互关系。系统工程是一门跨越许多学科的科学,是一种对所有系统都具有普遍意义的方法,所以我们也会研究系统工程的概念和过程在单独项目中的应用。每周会提出一个新课题,利用演示将主要概念与案例综合起来,从而模拟真实环境,构建系统以指导学生的学习。

本课程适合所有与人造复杂系统相关的各行各业的工作人员,范围从学生到专业人士,从新手到资深从业人员,从技术人员到非技术人员,如项目经理、工程师、质量控制专员、综合后勤保障人员、操作员、管理者和维护人员等等。

“Introduction to Systems Engineering” uses a structured yet flexible approach to provide a holistic, solid foundation to the successful development of complicated systems.

The course takes you step by step through the system life cycle, from design to development, production and management. You will learn how the different components of a system interrelate, and how each contributes to a project’s goals and success.

The discipline’s terminology, which can so often confuse the newcomer, is presented in an easily digestible form. Weekly video lectures introduce and synthesise key concepts, which are then reinforced with quizzes and practical exercises to help you measure your learning.

This course welcomes anyone who wants to find out how complex systems can be developed and implemented successfully. It is relevant to anyone in project management, engineering, QA, logistic support, operations, management, maintenance and other work areas. No specific background is required, and we welcome learners with all levels of interest and experience.

课程大纲

周1
完成时间为 5 小时
Course Welcome & Module 1 (Introduction to Systems and System Life Cycle)
Welcome to 'Introduction to Systems Engineering'! To help you in getting started with this course, we have a course introduction video that will provide you with an overview of the course syllabus.We then begin the course with this introductory module in which we address the nature of systems and the concept of a system life cycle. We identify what is meant when we say that something is a system and we narrow down the very broad definitions to focus on the human-made or modified systems that are our focus in systems engineering. We then look at the broad phases and activities that a system moves through during its life cycle, from early identification of the need for the system, exploration of options, functional design, physical design, detailed design and development, construction and production, utilization and support and then, finally, retirement. To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 1-19 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
11 个视频 (总计 69 分钟), 6 个阅读材料, 2 个测验

周2
完成时间为 4 小时
Systems Engineering and its Relevance and Benefits
In this module, we describe the discipline of systems engineering and outline its relevance and benefits. We introduce what we mean by the ‘systems engineering’ and provide a framework within which we can consider the major processes, activities, and artefacts throughout the remainder of the course. In doing so, it will have become evident to you that the systems engineering approach has a number of advantages, so we then examine in a little more detail the relevance and benefits of systems engineering.To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 19-31 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
9 个视频 (总计 63 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 2 个测验

周3
完成时间为 4 小时
Needs and Requirements
Before we look at the various systems engineering activities in more detail in forthcoming modules, in this module we look at what we mean when we refer to the ‘needs’ and ‘requirements’ for a system. We examine the needs and requirements views developed by business management, business operations, and systems designers. We will also consider in this module how we might go about developing a set of requirements—we call that process ‘requirements engineering’. To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 43-54 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
8 个视频 (总计 60 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 2 个测验

周4
完成时间为 5 小时
Requirements Elicitation and Elaboration
In this module, we explore requirements engineering and the processes by which requirements are elicited and defined formally through a process called elaboration (which involves derivation and decomposition of lower-level requirements from their parent requirements). We also look in this module at some simple requirements engineering tools and illustrate how they might be useful to you. Finally, we examine the notion of traceability, which ensures that we know where each requirement comes from, what requirements are related to it, and what requirements were derived from it. At the end of this module, you should be prepared to attempt the mid-course exam. To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 54-73 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
7 个视频 (总计 39 分钟), 3 个阅读材料, 4 个测验

周5
完成时间为 4 小时
Conceptual Design
In this module we examine Conceptual Design, during which we investigate how business needs and requirements and stakeholder needs and requirements are translated into a system-level understanding of the requirements of our system. This understanding will tell us what the system needs to do, how well it needs to perform, and what other systems it needs to interact with in order to meet the stakeholder and business needs and requirements. We then look at the concept of system level synthesis where we make some high-level design decisions before reviewing our work in preparation of the core design effort normally associated with preliminary and detailed design. To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 81-130 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
7 个视频 (总计 49 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 2 个测验

周6
完成时间为 3 小时
Preliminary and Detailed Design
In this module we pick up from where we left off at the end of Conceptual Design and we start to make some more detailed design decisions. During preliminary design, we will look at identifying the various subsystems that will need to come together to form our system. What do these subsystems need to be able to do? How do they need to inter-relate? Can we source these subsystems off the shelf or do they need to be designed from the ground up? These are key questions of preliminary design. For the subsystems that need to be designed or modified, some level of detailed design will be required. We will look at detailed design process and talk about tools like prototyping and how these tools help to refine the detailed design. To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 133-190 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
7 个视频 (总计 42 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 2 个测验

周7
完成时间为 3 小时
Construction, Production, and Utilisation
We now move onto the construction and production of the system based on the detailed design from the previous stage. During construction and production, we look at critical systems engineering activities such as configuration audits and system verification. The system then enters the utilisation phase where we explore how systems engineering may continue to be involved via modification and upgrade projects. We finish this section by looking briefly at some of the issues we face when trying to dispose of or retire systems that are no longer required. To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 193-211 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
7 个视频 (总计 22 分钟), 2 个阅读材料, 2 个测验

周8
完成时间为 1 小时
Systems Engineering Management
In this final module, we explore some of the key management issues that systems engineering must address in order to maintain balance and control across the systems engineering effort. We look specifically at issues such as verification and validation management, configuration management, technical risk management and the management of the technical review and audit program. We also explore some of the broad strategies that may be adopted when executing a systems engineering process. Whilst we have used what is generally referred to as a waterfall approach throughout the course to explain systems engineering, in this module we also briefly introduce alternatives such as incremental and evolutionary development. We conclude the module by emphasising the importance of planning throughout the systems engineering program and the development of a governing plan known as the systems engineering management plan or SEMP. To provide greater detail for this module, we recommend (but do not require) that students refer to pages 213-246, 285-294, and 297-309 of our textbook "Systems Engineering Practice"--see reading on Course Notes and Text Books.
7 个视频 (总计 45 分钟), 1 个阅读材料, 1 个测验

周9
完成时间为 1 小时
Final Exam and Information About Further Study
Having finished the modules, you are now in a position to complete the final exam covering Modules 6 to 9. Before you finish the course we also thought that you may be interested in knowing about the Master of Systems Engineering program offered by UNSW Canberra--all courses can be completed online at any time, and entry is available to those with any undergraduate degree and there are entry pathways available for those without a first degree.

预备知识

无需特定的知识背景,欢迎大家踊跃参与。

参考资料

虽然课程相对独立,所学内容课上均已包含,不过依然建议同学们参考课程教材《系统工程实践》,作者:R.I. 佛肯桥和M.J. 瑞安, Argos出版社,堪培拉,2004年。

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