慕课:波普艺术领袖“安迪·沃霍尔”即将开课

MOOCer2014年4月16日 10:30
安迪·沃霍尔

热爱艺术的小伙伴们一定知道Andy Warhol是谁,由爱丁堡大学推出的慕课“安迪·沃霍尔”4月21日就要开课。这门慕课介绍了这位20世纪最著名的艺术家之一的生平和作品,课程将深入探讨他艺术生涯中的五个主题:名流、性、金钱、死亡、和时间。

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课程概述

This course will introduce you to the life and work of Andy Warhol, one of the world’s most famous artists. It will:
Explore why Warhol has international standing both within and beyond the art establishment;
Examine how artistic worth and value is constructed and attributed;
Interrogate some of Warhol’s main thematic concerns and major creative innovations;
Position Warhol in relation to major artistic movements of the 20th century (Dada, minimalism, Pop Art, structuralism, etc).
This course has been developed as part of the ARTIST ROOMS research partnership between the University of Edinburgh, Tate, and the National Galleries of Scotland. It is delivered by staff and teaching assistants based in History of Art and the School of Design at ECA.

授课大纲

Week 1: Celebrity
Subjects to be explored will include:
Warhol’s early investment in stars and celebrities, as seen (for example) in his early illustrations of James Dean;
Warhol’s screenprints of stars, based on mass media images: Marilyn Monroe, Elvis Presley, Jackie Kennedy, etc. The connection often made between these screenprints and Walter Benjamin’s arguments about ‘art in the age of mass reproduction’ will be examined;
Warhol’s creation of his own group of ‘superstars’, especially through his filmmaking activities;
Warhol as a celebrity in his own right;
Creation of Interview magazine;
Warhol’s move from the subcultural scene in the 1960s to mainstream celebrity circles in the 1980s.

Week 2: Sex
‘After being alive, the next hardest work is having sex. […] It’s just as much work for an attractive person not to have sex as for an unattractive person to have sex…’ (The Philosophy of Andy Warhol).

Subjects to be explored will include:
The common misconception of Warhol as an asexual machine;
The regular appearance of homoerotic imagery throughout Warhol’s work: line drawings of boys; genital photography portraits; ‘tease’ content of films such as My Hustler and Blow Job;
Coded sexual content in seemingly banal material (e.g., the World’s Fair mural Thirteen Most Wanted Men);
Warhol and censorship.

Week 3: Money
‘Business art is the step that comes after Art. I started as a commercial artist, and I want to finish as a business artist. After I did the thing called “art” or whatever it’s called, I went into business art. I wanted to be an Art Businessman or a Business Artist. Being good in business is the most fascinating kind of art. During the hippie era people put down the idea of business – they’d say, “Money is bad”, and “Working is bad”, but making money is art and working is art and good business is the best art.’ (The Philosophy of Andy Warhol)

Subjects to be explored will include:
The value of Warhol’s art in the market;
The shifting value of some of Warhol’s work (such as his photography);
Warhol’s use of cheap household products (Brillo pads, soup cans, comic books, etc) as the basis for works of art;
The beginnings of Warhol’s career as a window dresser, and as a commercial artist;
Warhol’s own arguments about money and commercial art.

Week 4: Death
Subjects to be explored will include:
The Death and Disaster series of screenprints;
Death as a significant component of Warhol’s portraits of Marilyn Monroe and Jackie Kennedy;
Valerie Solanas’ attempted assassination of Warhol in 1968, and the impact this had on his work;
Accusations for the deaths of such Factory figures as Freddy Herko and Edie Sedgwick;
Echoes of mortality in Warhol’s later works, including screenprints of guns and skulls, self-portraits with skulls, etc;
Arguments by Thomas Crow (‘Saturday Disasters’) and Stephen Koch (Stargazer) about the centrality of death in Warhol’s work.

Week 5: Time
Subjects to be explored will include:
The lasting status of Warhol’s most iconic works, including how such iconicity is established;
The rate of operation in Warhol’s studio: fierce fabrication speeds;
Stillness and slowness in some of Warhol’s films and photographs, such as Empire and the Screen Tests series;
Warhol’s Time Capsules;
Repetition and difference as central tropes in Warhol’s work.

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