音乐生物学:我们爱听什么和为什么爱

Music as Biology: What We Like to Hear and Why

The course will explore the tone combinations that humans consider consonant or dissonant, the scales we use, and the emotions music elicits, all of which provide a rich set of data for exploring music and auditory aesthetics in a biological framework.

杜克大学

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音乐生物学:我们爱听什么和为什么爱

课程概况

The course will explore the tone combinations that humans consider consonant or dissonant, the scales we use, and the emotions music elicits, all of which provide a rich set of data for exploring music and auditory aesthetics in a biological framework. Analyses of speech and musical databases are consistent with the idea that the chromatic scale (the set of tones used by humans to create music), consonance and dissonance, worldwide preferences for a few dozen scales from the billions that are possible, and the emotions elicited by music in different cultures all stem from the relative similarity of musical tonalities and the characteristics of voiced (tonal) speech. Like the phenomenology of visual perception, these aspects of auditory perception appear to have arisen from the need to contend with sensory stimuli that are inherently unable to specify their physical sources, leading to the evolution of a common strategy to deal with this fundamental challenge.

授课大纲

WEEK 1
Course Introduction
Sound Signals, Sound Stimuli, and the Human Auditory System
Sound Signals, Sound Stimuli, and the Human Auditory System
测验: Sound Signals, Sound Stimuli, and the Human Auditory System

WEEK 2
The Perception of Sound Stimuli
测验: The Perception of Sound Stimuli

WEEK 3
Vocalization and Vocal Tones
测验: Vocalization and Vocal Tones

WEEK 4
Defining Music and Exploring Why We Like It
测验: Defining Music and Exploring Why We Like It

WEEK 5
Musical Scales
测验: Musical Scales

WEEK 6
Music, Emotion, and Cultural Differences
测验: Music, Emotion, and Cultural Differences
测验: Summing Up
Additional Resources
Mozart: Major vs. Minor, and Other Methods of Musical Communication
Harmony and the Development of Minor Scales
Cadences: Musical Sentences
Tonality vs. Atonality: Frequency of Consonant vs. Dissonant Intervals
Mbira Music: Outside the Western Tradition
Glossary
Bibliography

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