古典哲学:亚里士多德和他的继任者们

Ancient Philosophy: Aristotle and His Successors

This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece.

宾夕法尼亚大学

Coursera

哲学

简单(初级)

15 小时

课程概况

What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors.

课程大纲

WEEK 1
Aristotle’s Categories
Subjects and Predicates
测验: Subjects and Predicates
Substances & Subjects
测验: Substances & Subjects

WEEK 2
Aristotle's Natural Philosophy
Change & Nature
测验: Change & Nature
Causes in Nature
测验: Causes in Nature
Aristotelian Souls
测验: Aristotelian Souls

WEEK 3
Aristotle's Ethics
The Unmoved Mover
测验: The Unmoved Mover
Aristotle’s Ethics
测验: Aristotle's Ethics

WEEK 4
Epicureanism
Gods and Death
测验: Gods and Death
Pleasure and Pain
测验: Pleasure and Pain

WEEK 5
Stoicism
Stoic Natural Philosophy and Ethics
测验: Stoic Natural Philosophy and Ethics
Fate and Human Action
测验: Fate and Human Action
Conclusion

声明:MOOC中国发布之课程均源自下列机构,版权均归他们所有。本站仅作报道收录并尊重其著作权益,感谢他们对MOOC事业做出的贡献!(排名不分先后)
  • Coursera
  • edX
  • OpenLearning
  • FutureLearn
  • iversity
  • Udacity
  • NovoEd
  • Canvas
  • Open2Study
  • Google
  • ewant
  • FUN
  • IOC-Athlete-MOOC
  • World-Science-U
  • Codecademy
  • CourseSites
  • opencourseworld
  • ShareCourse
  • gacco
  • MiriadaX
  • JANUX
  • openhpi
  • Stanford-Open-Edx
  • 网易云课堂
  • 中国大学MOOC
  • 学堂在线
  • 顶你学堂
  • 华文慕课
  • 好大学在线CnMooc
  • 以及更多...

© 2008-2018 MOOC.CN 慕课改变你,你改变世界