古典哲学:柏拉图和他的前辈们

Ancient Philosophy: Plato & His Predecessors

This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece.

宾夕法尼亚大学

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古典哲学:柏拉图和他的前辈们
  • 分类: 哲学
  • 平台: Coursera
  • 语言: 英语

课程概况

What is philosophy? How does it differ from science, religion, and other modes of human discourse? This course traces the origins of philosophy in the Western tradition in the thinkers of Ancient Greece. We begin with the Presocratic natural philosophers who were active in Ionia in the 6th century BCE and are also credited with being the first scientists. Thales, Anaximander, and Anaximines made bold proposals about the ultimate constituents of reality, while Heraclitus insisted that there is an underlying order to the changing world. Parmenides of Elea formulated a powerful objection to all these proposals, while later Greek theorists (such as Anaxagoras and the atomist Democritus) attempted to answer that objection. In fifth-century Athens, Socrates insisted on the importance of the fundamental ethical question—“How shall I live?”—and his pupil, Plato, and Plato’s pupil, Aristotle, developed elaborate philosophical systems to explain the nature of reality, knowledge, and human happiness. After the death of Aristotle, in the Hellenistic period, Epicureans and Stoics developed and transformed that earlier tradition. We will study the major doctrines of all these thinkers. Part I will cover Plato and his predecessors. Part II will cover Aristotle and his successors.

授课大纲

WEEK 1
The Milesians & Heraclitus
Introduction
The Milesians
测验: Milesians
Heraclitus
测验: Heraclitus

WEEK 2
Parmenides to Plato
Parmenides & His Legacy
测验: Parmenides and His Legacy
Plato’s Apology & Euthyphro
测验: Plato’s Apology and Euthyphro

WEEK 3
Plato on Virtue, Teaching, & Justice
Plato’s Meno
测验: Plato’s Meno
Plato’s Republic (books 1-4)
测验: Plato’s Republic

WEEK 4
Plato on Reality & Goodness
Plato’s Republic (books 5-7)
测验: Republic Books 5-7
Plato’s Timaeus
测验: Plato’s Timaeus

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