吉他入门经典课程

Guitar for Beginners

了解吉他知识,演奏技巧和基础乐理,抓住弹奏原声吉他或电吉他的基本要领,快速入门。

伯克利音乐学院

Coursera

艺术

简单(初级)

18 小时

  • 英语, 葡萄牙语, 俄语, 其他
  • 4527

课程概况

本课程从基础知识入手,简单易学,那些早就想接触原声吉他和电吉他的同学们赶快报名吧。对于初学者来说,按阶段学习,带着愉快的心情学习才能掌握乐器和音乐的基础知识。本课程从吉他的构成入手,如弦乐器的名称、调音,指弹或拨片的技巧。然后介绍基础乐理,其中包括:音阶、三和弦、重力和弦、指法和音形。

修完这门课,同学们会对乐器的构造、部件、配件和日常维护的基础知识有所了解。电吉他手可以学习到对放大器、效果器和音效的基本选择,从而实现对乐器的简单操作;同时,大家还会了解正确的演奏技巧,并将这些理论概念应用到实际演奏中,为日后学习吉他中级课程奠定良好基础。

Grasp the essentials needed to begin playing acoustic or electric guitar. You’ll learn an easy approach to get you playing quickly, through a combination of exploring the instrument, performance technique, and basic music theory.

For students who have long thought about picking up the acoustic or electric guitar, this course will provide an easy-access foundation that will get you playing. When first learning guitar, it is important to have the material presented in stages, in an enjoyable way that allows you to grasp the basics of the instrument and music. The course begins simply with the parts of the guitar, the names of the strings, tuning, and technique—whether finger-style or pick. It then explores the basics of music theory with such topics as scales, triads, power chords, and fingering and shapes.

At the end of this course, students will understand the structure, parts, and accessories of the instrument, in addition to an understanding of its basic maintenance. Electric guitar players will learn the operation of their instrument along with basic options for amplification, effect pedals, and sounds. Students will also learn to develop correct technique and apply theory concepts to their playing. They will have the foundational knowledge necessary to pursue most intermediate guitar courses.

你将学到什么

Identify string names and numbers and read music notation, tablature, chord block diagrams, and fretboard maps

Practice picking, finger picking, and strumming patterns

Play various chords including major and minor triads, open, barre, and pose chords

Read and play a lead sheet

课程大纲

第1课:原声吉他/电吉他的基础知识
部件选择,配件,快速入门

第2课:入门指南:吉他演奏的基本技巧
各弦名称,调音,握琴方法,指弹和弹奏

第3课:12个半音阶和基础乐谱
琴格,五线谱上的音符,指板上的音符,旋律,拍号

第4课:音阶,结构和指法
弹奏把位,半音音阶,大调音阶,全音音阶,音调,高音和降调

第5课:和弦,弹奏简单的三和弦和重和弦
基础和声,重和弦,大调和弦与小调和弦的简单指法,歌曲

第6课:五声音阶和歌曲
指法,独奏,电吉他效果器和放大器,原声放大器

预备知识

无需相关音乐背景和识谱能力

参考资料

“The Quest for Good Guitar Tone”(吉他好声音),作者撒迪厄斯·贺加斯

常见问题

课程对吉他的类型有规定么?
学员应准备电吉他或原声吉他。

完成录音作业需要准备什么?
课程中,学员需要上传自己的弹奏录音,所以您的电脑要有内置麦克风或可以(通过电脑内置端口或外部音频接口)直接连接电脑的外置麦克风。另外,本课程会要求学生上传演奏录音,所以需要安装一些基本的录音软件,如Audacity,可录制音频并以MP3格式保存。

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