罗马建筑

Introduction to Roman Architecture

本课程是对罗马及其帝国伟大建筑和工程奇迹的介绍,其重点是城市规划和个别的古迹以及他们的装饰包括帝国的壁画。罗马…

耶鲁大学

经典课程

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耶鲁罗马建筑
  • 分类: 建筑
  • 平台: Coursera
  • 语言: 英语中文

本课程是对罗马及其帝国伟大建筑和工程奇迹的介绍,其重点是城市规划和个别的古迹以及他们的装饰包括帝国的壁画。罗马、庞贝和中央意大利发展将突出显示,课程还提供了网站的一项调查,和现在北意大利、西西里、法国、西班牙、德国、希腊、土耳其、克罗地亚、 约旦、黎巴嫩、利比亚与北非的建筑结构。讲座使用了超过1500副图像进行阐述,其中许多是教授Kleiner的个人收藏。

课程概述

This course is an introduction to the great buildings and engineering marvels of Rome and its empire, with an emphasis on urban planning and individual monuments and their decoration, including mural painting. While architectural developments in Rome, Pompeii, and Central Italy are highlighted, the course also provides a survey of sites and structures in what are now North Italy, Sicily, France, Spain, Germany, Greece, Turkey, Croatia, Jordan, Lebanon, Libya, and North Africa. Some of the learning materials have been adapted from the Roman Architecture course recorded for Open Yale Courses; others are new. The lectures are illustrated with over 1,500 images, many from my personal collection.

In addition to the videos, recommended reading, message forums and other materials listed in the syllabus, we’ll be using various forms of social media to stay connected and share ideas and images. Please note the following social network accounts set up for this course. Over the next 15 weeks, I will also identify specific #(hashtags) to help keep topics and assignments organized on each network.

In addition to the videos, recommended reading, message forums and other materials listed in the syllabus, we’ll be using various forms of social media to stay connected and share ideas and images. Please note the following social network accounts set up for this course – although engaging through social media is NOT a requirement for this course.
Facebook.
Twitter. Please note the underscore at the end of the username: RomanArch_
Instagram. Username: Roman_Architecture

授课大纲

[第1集] 简介罗马建筑
[第2集] 一个城市: 罗马建国和意大利城市的起源
[第3集] 科技革命在罗马建筑
[第4集] 公民生活中断: 噩梦与命运上 8 月 24,公元 79年
[第5集] 丰富和著名的生活方式: 住宅和别墅在庞培城
[第6集] Herculaneum栖息地和早期罗马室内装饰
[第7集] 锦上添花: 公元一世纪的宫殿绘画和别墅
[第8集] 对Pompeian墙特别的探索
[第9集] 从石砖到大理石: 奥古斯都组建罗马
[第10集] 访问来世:罗马贵族,自由民的坟墓,奴隶
[第11集] 臭名昭著的尼禄和他的惊人的建筑遗产
[第12集] 图标的创新: 当代建筑在罗马与竞技场
[第13集] 王子和皇宫:人类制造神圣的Palatine山
[第14集] 所有论坛之母:图拉真时期罗马的建筑结构
[第15集] 罗马和别墅:哈德良神殿和蒂沃利度假别墅
[第16集] 奥斯蒂亚生死罗曼路,罗马港口
[第17集] 越大越好:罗马的卡拉卡拉浴场和第二、第三世纪的建筑
[第18集] 老乡:帝王在罗马北非的起源
[第19集] 巴洛克庆祝:岩墓、喷泉
[第20集] 希腊瓶中的罗马葡萄酒: 雅典的重生
[第21集] 建造西部边疆上的迷你罗马
[第22集] 罗马终极版:文艺复兴时期的Tetrarchic
[第23集] 罗马君士坦丁和新罗马

Week 1
It Takes a City: The Founding of Rome and the Beginnings of Urbanism in Italy

Week 2
Technology and Revolution in Roman Architecture
Civic Life Interrupted; Nightmare and Destiny on August 24, A.D. 79
Writing Assignment 1: Does New Technology Lead to Revolution or Revolution to New Technology? (250 words)

Week 3
Lifestyles of the Rich and Famous: Houses and Villas at Pompeii
Habitats at Herculaneum and Early Roman Interior Decoration
Writing Assignment 1: Peer-Review Grading

Week 4
Gilding the Lily: Painting Palaces and Villas in the First Century A.D.
Exploring Special Subjects on Pompeian Walls

Week 5
From Brick to Marble: Augustus Assembles Rome
Accessing Afterlife: Tombs of Roman Aristocrats, Freedmen, and Slaves
Writing Assignment 2: Should Rome be an Artifact or a Living City? (250 words)

Week 6
Notorious Nero and His Amazing Architectural Legacy
The Creation of an Icon: The Colosseum and Contemporary Architecture in Rome
Writing Assignment 2: Peer-Review Grading

Week 7
The Prince and the Palace: Human Made Divine on the Palatine Hill
Mastery Quiz 1

Week 8
Designing a Roman City Lecture and Project Assignment
The Mother of All Forums: Civic Architecture in Rome under Trajan

Week 9
Design Your Own Roman City Project
Come up with the concept and do the research

Week 10
Design Your Own Roman City Project
Write the 500-word paper describing the city and the reason for its construction and complete the by-hand or computer-generated drawings of the city’s plan and at least one of its buildings.

Week 11
Rome and a Villa: Hadrian’s Pantheon and Tivoli Retreat
The Roman Way of Life and Death at Ostia, the Port of Rome
Design Your Own Roman City Project Writing Assignment: Peer-Review Writing Assignment

Week 12
Bigger is Better: The Baths of Caracalla and Other Second- and Third-Century Buildings in Rome
Hometown Boy: Honoring an Emperor’s Roots in Roman North Africa
Writing Assignment 3: Did Apollodorus of Damascus Design the Pantheon?

Week 13
Baroque Extravaganzas: Rock Tombs, Fountains, and Sanctuaries in Jordan, Lebanon, and Libya
Roman Wine in Greek Bottles: The Rebirth of Athens
Writing Assignment 3: Peer-Review Grading

Week 14
Making Mini Romes on the Western Frontier
Rome Redux: The Tetrarchic Renaissance

Week 15
Rome of Constantine and a New Rome
Mastery Quiz 2

先修知识

There is no required background and everyone is welcome to take this course.

参考资料

The illustrated lectures are designed to be self-contained but we strongly recommend Diana E. E. Kleiner, Roman Architecture: A Visual Guide (Yale University Press, 2014). This interactive e-book is a companion to the Roman Architecture course, featuring chapter overviews for the major time periods, sites, and monuments and concise interpretations of the most important buildings in the Roman Empire, illustrated in over 250 photographs and site plans. They provide the “Monument Lists” mentioned in the lectures and are presented primarily through my own digital images. Above all, these custom created resources make learning easier than ever with maps, pop up references, visual book navigation, geolocation links, flashcards, and recommendations for further reading.

Roman Architecture: A Visual Guide is available from Apple iBooks. Click here to purchase the iBooks version.

The e-book is also available for Amazon Kindle. Click here to purchase for Amazon Kindle.

授课形式

In order to explore the expansive reach of the Roman Empire, the course encompasses the full spring semester (15 weeks) and is coordinated with the Roman Architecture class I’ll teach concurrently at Yale. This provides an unprecedented opportunity to connect Coursera and Yale students in occasional collaborative learning activities, which will be announced along the way. Most weeks have two sets of video lectures, divided into five or six sections of 15-20 minutes in length. Each video lecture is accompanied by in-video quiz questions to assess your comprehension and provide immediate feedback. These are machine graded, as are the two required Mastery Quizzes. Three required 250-word writing assignments on thought-provoking problem-solving questions are spread across the semester and require peer-review of other students’ work. These will be assigned on Monday of the designated weeks, giving you one week to complete them and a second week to peer grade. The capstone project is to Design Your Own Roman City. Two weeks without any lectures or other assignments are reserved for you to concentrate on the research and writing of the 500-word city design paper, accompanied by a city plan and drawing of one individual building. Throughout the course, we will be interacting in the online forum, in occasional video chats, and through Instagram, Twitter, and Facebook. Since this course is about architecture, capturing and displaying ancient Roman buildings and others that resemble them on Instagram should prove to be one of the most creative and exciting elements of the course.

常见问题解答

Will I get a Statement of Accomplishment after completing this class?
Yes. Students who successfully complete the class will receive a Statement of Accomplishment signed by the instructor.

Students can also elect to enroll in the Signature Track to earn a Verified Certificate.

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